## News

## Equilibrium Modeling Increases Contact Lens Comfort

According to the Vision Council of America, roughly 75% of adults in the United States require some form of vision correction. Yet only 10% of Americans wear contact lenses. Studies estimate that one in four initial contact-users finds the lenses uncomfortable and stops wearing them. Thus, increasing the comfort level of contact lenses and expanding the market is a continual objective in the vision industry.

In order to understand the factors that contribute to lens comfort, it is important to study the solid and fluid mechanics of a lens’ interaction with an eye. In an article publishing this week in the *SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics*, authors David Ross, Kara Maki, and Emily Holz design an equilibrium model to demonstrate the elastic stresses and suction pressure distribution between a soft hydrogel contact lens and an eye. Read the rest of this entry »

## Segmenting Ultrasound Video with a Wavelet Variational Model

Image segmentation, the process of separating a digital image into multiple sections for individual examination, is frequently used in medical image analysis. For example, segmentation in ultrasound footage helps identify boundaries and regions of interest (ROI) that facilitate image interpretation. Efficient segmentation of ultrasound videos, however, is often complicated by low contrast, shadow effects, and complex “noise” statistics (unexplained variations). In addition, real-time applications such as navigation during operational surgery require efficient algorithms.

In an article published this month in the *SIAM Journal on Imaging Sciences*, authors Jiulong Liu, Xiaoqun Zhang, Bin Dong, Zuowei Shen, and Lixu Gu propose a video segmentation model to recognize ROI in ultrasounds. Read the rest of this entry »

## Applying Parameter Selection and Verification Techniques to an HIV Model

Physical and biological models often have hundreds of inputs, many of which may have a negligible effect on a model’s response. Establishing parameters that can be fixed at nominal values without significantly affecting model outputs is often difficult; sometimes these parameters cannot be simply discerned by the outputs. Thus, verifying that a parameter is noninfluential is both computationally challenging and quite expensive. Read the rest of this entry »

## Optimizing flutter shutter to minimize camera blur

Whether taking photos recreationally or professionally, photographers understandably want their snapshots to appear sharp and clear. Image clarity is dependent on exposure time, or the amount of time that a camera’s sensor is exposed to light while a photograph is being taken. During this period, the shutter opens and the camera counts the number of photons emitted by the subject. Read the rest of this entry »

## Upcoming NSF-CBMS Regional Research Conferences

SIAM is proud to be a member of the Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences (CBMS). This year, the National Science Foundation has announced support for two NSF-CBMS Regional Research Conferences to be held in 2016, bringing the number of such conferences since the NSF-CBMS Regional Research Conference Series began in 1969 to 358!

These conferences are intended to stimulate interest and activity in mathematical research. Each five day conference features a distinguished lecturer who delivers ten lectures on a topic of important current research in one sharply focused area of the mathematical sciences. The lecturer subsequently prepares an expository monograph based upon these lectures, which is normally published as a part of a regional conference series. Depending upon the conference topic, the monograph may be published by SIAM, the American Mathematical Society, or jointly by the American Statistical Association and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics.

Support for about 30 participants is provided (though deadlines are quickly approaching) and the conference organizer invites both established researchers and interested newcomers, including postdoctoral fellows and graduate students, to attend. Learn more and get registered early.

**2016 Conferences **

**Discrete Painleve Equations**

**Nalini Joshi**, lecturer

May 16-20 at the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Baofeng Feng and Andras Balogh, organizers

956-665-2269, baofeng.feng@utrgv.edu

956-665-3460, andras.balogh@utrgv.edu

sites.google.com/site/nsfcbms2016utrgv

### Topological Data Analysis: Topology, Geometry, and Statistics

**Sayan Mukherjee**, lecturer

May 31- June 4 at the University of Texas at Austin

Lizhen Lin, Peter Mueller, and Rachel Ward, organizers

512-475-8838, lizhen.lin@austin.utexas.edu

512-471-7168, pmueller@math.utexas.edu

979-229-1584, rward@math.utexas.edu

stat.utexas.edu/training/cbms-2016

**2017 Request for Proposals**

Information about submitting proposals for future conferences may be found at Call for Proposals for the 2017 NSF-CBMS Regional Research Conferences. Institutions that are interested in increasing their research activity and profile are especially encouraged to apply. Proposals for conferences to be held in 2017 are due by April 29, 2016. Questions should be directed to

CBMS

1529 18th St. NW

Washington DC 20036

Email: rosier@georgetown.edu

## Modeling robust use of pesticides

*Adaptive control techniques can help manage pests more effectively *

As population growth, greater food consumption, competition for land use, and climate change pose challenges to world food production, managing loss of crop due to pests and weeds becomes increasingly important. While chemical pesticides offer effective means for control, potential loss of crop yield is still significant, as is cost. Global potential loss from pests has been estimated to be between 50% and 80% of yield based on crop type.

In a paper published last week in the *SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics*, authors Chris Guiver *et al* propose adaptive control techniques to model pest dynamics and management as a control system. Read the rest of this entry »

## SIAM News: January/February Issue Now Available

The latest issue of SIAM News is now available online! Mathematics not only enhances scientific progress, but also hides within simple gestures we instinctively repeat every day. Such is the case when we turn on the lights. What does it take to ensure that every time we enter a dark room and flip the light switch, electricity is available and waiting for us to use? Read more about optimization and how one can generate electricity in a manner that is both satisfactory for consumers and efficient from the network point of view in the most recent issue of SIAM News.

## Winner Circle: 2016 JPBM Communications Awardees

Science writer Simon Singh and the National Museum of Mathematics (MoMath) are dual recipients of the Joint Policy Board for Mathematics’ (JPBM) 2016 Communications Awards. Singh, who is receiving the 2016 JPBM Communications Award for Expository and Popular Books, has authored many texts with mathematical elements. MoMath, a hands-on science center in New York, is receiving the 2016 JPBM Communications Award for Public Outreach. Read the rest of this entry »